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8 Factors that Affect Your Methylation Process

--Genetics – Like an estimated 20 percent of us, you could be genetically predisposed to high homocysteine

--Poor diet – The word “folate” comes from “foliage.” You need to eat plenty of leafy greens, beans, fruit, and whole grains to get adequate levels of vitamins B6 and B12, betaine, and folate. Egg yolks, meat, liver, and oily fish are the main dietary sources of vitamin B12 — so long-term vegan diets can be a problem. Plus, certain compounds can raise levels of homocysteine and deplete the B vitamins. These include excess animal protein, sugar, saturated fat ... ..more

I found this excellent description in Amy Yasko's forum: ch3nutrigenomics.com. It was posted by one of the members on the site- raji: http://www.ch3nutrigenomics...
This is a private blog, but it is a very rich source of information about methylation, nutrigenomics and dietary supplementation

Here is a copy of the post:

"Common Terminology:

Methyl group: A methyl group is simply a single carbon atom bonded to 3 hydrogen atoms (CH3).

Methylation: Transfer of methyl groups from one chemical to another is called methylation. Essentially any chemical compound that has a methyl group as part of its chemical ... ..more

COMT, GAD, MAOA/B and addressing methylation too soon can definitely cause neuro-psych issues, but it all comes back to methyl pooling. SNPs in these genes can also contribute: ACE, DAO, MTHFR (e.g., A1298C). Homozygous or 'AA' results for COMT V158M is particularly associated with anxiety & startle response. Quite a few SNPs & quite a few medical conditions can contribute to anxiety, of course (e.g., gut health & bacteria resulting in toxin exposure).

For brain fog / concentration issues, follow up on SNPs affecting ammonia (such as NOS gene, etc.) & BH4 levels (DHPR gene, etc.), also.

With anxiety as a chief ... ..more

Annonymous

What is Spirulina

  4 years, 4 months ago

#Spirulina provides the raw materials [amino acids] for #DNA and #RNA repair. Spirulina is a rich source of B6 and Folate [B9]. Spirulina also contains #antioxidant phytonutrients called anthocyanins. #Anthocyanins are powerful #anticarcinogenics .

Spirulina has strong anti-microbial effects that help create a proper balance among the #gut flora. Spirulina is helpful in the gut because it helps to controlling the growth of pathogenic [Bad] #bacteria and #yeasts in the digestive system. A proper healthy balance of gut flora is critical for optimal digestion and nutritional absorption. Keeping the gut flora healthy and properly balanced is an important part of #detoxification ... ..more

Wow. What a thread! My serum B6 was a bit over ref range. My OAT showed it to be low. So my doctor thinks I'm not processing or absorbing it. She started me on P5P, but I have to spread my 33 mg of it throughout the day, or else I get jitters and tingly extremities. I'm not sure my OAT was interpreted optimally. My mag RBC was 5.5 before I recently increased supplementation. I know I have some kind of source of lack with zinc, because starting that cured my chronic insomnia. I have brain inflammation ... ..more

The recommendations to work on CBS is b6 active form p5p and molybdenum to balance copper and zinc and help break down excess sulfates. You can get some sulfate strips these ones http://www.amazon.com/gp/aw.... You want to get your urine sulfates down to at least 800 preferably 400 before adding in methylfolate and methylb12. ..more

MTHFR C677T Mutation: Basic Protocol by Dr Lynch on February 24, 2012 in C677T MTHFR Mutations
Have one or two copies of the MTHFR C677T mutation? Don’t know what to do?

After working with 100′s of individuals with this defect, I’ve developed a protocol which may help a significant number of people.
I want to make it absolutely clear that while the MTHFR C677T mutation may be common across a number of individuals, the outcome of supplementing with various nutrients can vary tremendously due to other genetic defects, dietary and lifestyle choices and environmental exposures.

Some of ... ..more

Annonymous

How does Methylation influence mood ?

  4 years, 4 months ago


It is important to understand the basics of methylation, and although a more detailed study of #methylation chemistry may be interesting, for our needs, it is not really necessary to study it here as it will only serve to confuse matters, so only the most important aspects will be considered.

Put simply, the methylation process makes #neurotransmitters (mood building blocks), and the issue of a person being an under or over methylator can be confusing, because there is contradiction between the various sources of information on the methylation process. For our purposes, we'll say that an over methylator is ... ..more

MAO-A (Monoamine oxidase A) is a critical enzyme involved in breaking down important neurotransmitters such as serotonin, norepinephrine, and dopamine. While a homozygous (+/+) mutation is very common, prolonged periods of stress, violence, or trauma can lead to epigenetic changes that further decrease enzyme activity. On the table above, males only have one allele since the gene is inherited through from their mother since it is located on the X chromosome.
Males are more likely to have this mutation, represented on the table as homozygous (+). Only females can be heterozygous (+/-) for this mutation.

When a (+/+) MAO-A mutation is combined with a ... ..more

Annonymous

What does a CBS Gene Mutation mean ?

  4 years, 4 months ago

CBS (cystathionine beta synthase) catalyzes the first step of the transsulfuration pathway, from homocysteine to cystathionine. Dr. Yasko considers addressing CBS mutations as first priority aside from addressing the gut.
This enzyme converts homocysteine to cystathionine. In a separate reaction, cystathionine is then converted to cysteine which in turn goes to taurine or glutathione among other things.

CBS defects are actually upregulations. This means the enzyme works too fast. Therefore, it is common to see low levels of cystathionine and homocysteine since there is a rapid conversion to taurine. This leads to high levels of taurine and ammonia.

The upregulation ... ..more

From Dr Ben:
In general, those with C677T mutations have decreased ability to produce methylfolate, increased cardiovascular risk, increased risk of blood clots, increased pain and inflammation and increased chemical sensitivity. Recommendations below support the reduction of these issues by increasing the body’s inherent ability to restore function through nutritional biochemistry.
Limit ingestion of folic acid in fortified foods as you cannot process folic acid well.
Limit or cease taking supplements or drugs with folic acid in them. Talk with your doctor before stopping.
Avoid folic acid blocking drugs such as birth control or Methotrexate.
Avoid drugs which increase ... ..more

AA #Ammonia Antagonists: Limit with #CBS+ and/or #NOS+/+
Higher protein diet: Meats, Eggs, Legumes, & Dairy
#B6
#Glutathione
#Taurine
#NAC
#Supplements
The goal is to be mindful of accumulating methyl or sulfur donors rather than attempting to limit all of them. Whenever we try to remove everything “bad” in one category, we create imbalances in other categories. The key is balance. For instance, if you love broccoli & garlic yet have the SUOX & CBS defects, just limit the others on the list. ..more

You wanna work on cbs first because it's an upregulation when you start adding methylfolate and methylb12 and you don't have cbs under control all of the folate and b12 will used up down the cbs pathway instead of being recycled in the methylation pathway. It's a kind of a big balancing act. But once you start finding the right balance and getting better you will start to see the positives. The big ones I use for cbs is b6 active form p5p and molybdenum to balance copper and zinc and help break down excess sulfates. You ... ..more

1). #MTHFR #A1298C + #Liver & #BH4 support
Start at a few crumbs per day and very gradually, go up over several weeks’ time (generally 4-6 weeks). The goal is 1⁄2 to 1 capsule daily ($54.95/60 caps & $29.95/30 caps). This is whether you have the MTHFR A1298C defect or not.

2). Black Bear Spray or Get B12 Spray
Start at 1-2 sprays per day and very gradually work up to 3-5 sprays once or twice daily. A tip for adults who develop headaches with wine, it is very likely that you are sensitive to sulfites and the ... ..more

Annonymous

Is there a specific MTHFR diet ?

  4 years, 5 months ago

Yes. Avoid all processed foods or foods with FOLIC ACID added (which is synthetic/manmade & interferes with natural folate uptake). In addition, eat zinc & B6 rich foods to help support the folate cycle/pathway of which MTHFR is a key. Due to C677T, supplement with additional L-5-methyl folate; and due to other folate cycle issues (SNPs) supplement with a zinc & also a B multi that has some B6 and B2 in it (B2 is a cofactor for MTHFR & B6 for SHMT which is in the folate pathway, also). Don't forget probiotics too!

#Homozygous #MTHFR #Heterozygous #health #Livewello #23andMe #SNPs #Genes #Methylation
 ..more

MTHFR C677T Mutation: Basic Protocol by Dr Lynch on February 24, 2012 in C677T MTHFR Mutations
Have one or two copies of the MTHFR C677T mutation? Don’t know what to do?

After working with 100′s of individuals with this defect, I’ve developed a protocol which may help a significant number of people.
I want to make it absolutely clear that while the MTHFR C677T mutation may be common across a number of individuals, the outcome of supplementing with various nutrients can vary tremendously due to other genetic defects, dietary and lifestyle choices and environmental exposures.

Some of ... ..more

Besides the most obvious reason to take Oral Contraceptives/BCPs, you can also be prescribed them for medical reasons. It could be endometriosis, estrogen dominance or others. However taking BCPs when you have the MTHFR mutation may cause some problems. This would also be true if you already had pernicious anemia.

Taking the Pill effects Folate and B12 metabolism. Since having the MTHFR mutation already effects these two items taking BCPs just weakens the folate cycle further. I believe folks without the mutation can just up the amount of food they take with folate in it. But if you have ... ..more

Annonymous

What is Homocysteine ?

  4 years, 4 months ago

#Homocysteine is a toxic waste by-product of protein and amino acid metabolism, and #methylation in the body is going on constantly, converting this damaging homocysteine into the #antioxidant #glutathione.
Methylation also converts homocysteine into an important biochemical called #SAMe , a vital methyl donor for the production of the all important neurotransmitters dopamine, serotonin and their derivatives. This is how the body makes good use of this toxic element.

Keeping homocysteine at a healthy, low level is extremely important for keeping our risk of heart disease, stroke and Alzheimer's disease as low as possible. High levels of homocysteine, if left ... ..more

1) Biopterin/Neopterin: For those with A1298C mutations, #BH4 (also known as tetrahydrobiopterin) levels are typically quite low. This test provides insight to how low these levels are and why. If neopterin levels are high, then I am considering the possibility of a lingering infection, inflammation or chronic immune response that is preventing #biopterin from being formed. Thus, this test provides information not only potentially low biopterin levels but also why they may be low.

If a doctor simply prescribes BH4 without understanding the need to address the inflammation and chronic infections, it is band-aide treatment over a gaping wound ... ..more

Wow. What a thread! My serum B6 was a bit over ref range. My OAT showed it to be low. So my doctor thinks I'm not processing or absorbing it. She started me on P5P, but I have to spread my 33 mg of it throughout the day, or else I get jitters and tingly extremities. I'm not sure my OAT was interpreted optimally. My mag RBC was 5.5 before I recently increased supplementation. I know I have some kind of source of lack with zinc, because starting that cured my chronic insomnia. I have brain inflammation ... ..more