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Vitamin B12 is one of the most frequently prescribed treatments in chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) yet it is not uncommon
for it to perform poorly or even to have negative effectsthus. Here Fred provides some of the reasons he believes B12 does not sometimes work in ME/CFS

Taking It in Tablet Form- Active b12 is taken as an oral tablet reducing its absorbtion to below 1%. A 1000mcg active b12 oral tablet might bind as much as 10mcg of b12. Again the b12 has to be squeezed through a keyhole that limits the amount and is subject to ... ..more

1) Get a Standard Health Report. Go to https://livewello.com/snps and upload your raw data gene results file.

How does the Livewello App work with your Genetic Raw Data?
https://docs.google.com/a/l...

2) Get a Healthcare Practitioner who is qualified and understands Epigenetics.
Share your Report with your Healthcare Practitioner
Since a software application doesn't know your unique symptoms, your other functional lab levels and a host of your other important health variables, it would be unsafe for it to dispense a safe treatment plan without this information. What you'll need next is ... ..more

MTHFR and L-METHYL FOLATE… Some Basic Information By Carol Savage M.D.

If you have the MTHFR Gene Mutations C677T and or A1298C and are already taking some L-Methyl Folate [5-MTHF] and Vitamin B12 you might also consider the following:

FOOD Eat plenty of Green Vegetables and beans to get some Dihydrofolate [DHF] and Vitamin B2 [Riboflavin] and many other naturally occurring minerals and vitamins that the body needs etc.

DIHYDROFOLATE [DHF] Dihydrofolate is needed to provide the earlier FOLATE PATHWAYS [the reactions that occur prior to the MTHFR enzyme] with the kinds of folates that they need in order ... ..more

Since copper is important for producing ceruloplasmin, the protein that transports iron in the bloodstream, some of the symptoms of copper deficiency come from a lack of available iron. The most common is anemia, or a low red blood cell count. Copper deficiency can also cause a decrease in white blood cell numbers, which can affect immunity to infection.

Lack of copper also affects the central nervous system and spinal cord and can mimic the symptoms of B12 deficiency. A person deficient in copper may experience demyelination of nerves in the brain and spinal cord, which can lead to sensory ... ..more

Mitochondria (illustration) are structures within cells that convert the energy from food into a form that cells can use. Although most DNA is packaged in chromosomes within the nucleus, mitochondria also have a small amount of their own DNA (known as mitochondrial DNA or mtDNA). In some cases, inherited changes in mitochondrial DNA can cause problems with growth, development, and function of the body’s systems. These mutations disrupt the mitochondria’s ability to generate energy efficiently for the cell.

Conditions caused by mutations in mitochondrial DNA often involve multiple organ systems. The effects of these conditions are most pronounced ... ..more

Changes that affect the structure of chromosomes can cause problems with growth, development, and function of the body’s systems. These changes can affect many genes along the chromosome and disrupt the proteins made from those genes.

Structural changes can occur during the formation of egg or sperm cells, in early fetal development, or in any cell after birth. Pieces of DNA can be rearranged within one chromosome or transferred between two or more chromosomes. The effects of structural changes depend on their size and location, and whether any genetic material is gained or lost. Some changes cause medical problems ... ..more

The DNA sequence of a gene can be altered in a number of ways. Gene mutations have varying effects on health, depending on where they occur and whether they alter the function of essential proteins. The types of mutations include:

Missense mutation (illustration)
This type of mutation is a change in one DNA base pair that results in the substitution of one amino acid for another in the protein made by a gene.

Nonsense mutation (illustration)
A nonsense mutation is also a change in one DNA base pair. Instead of substituting one amino acid for another, however, the altered DNA ... ..more

No; only a small percentage of mutations cause genetic disorders—most have no impact on health or development. For example, some mutations alter a gene’s DNA sequence but do not change the function of the protein made by the gene.

Often, gene mutations that could cause a genetic disorder are repaired by certain enzymes before the gene is expressed and an altered protein is produced. Each cell has a number of pathways through which enzymes recognize and repair mistakes in DNA. Because DNA can be damaged or mutated in many ways, DNA repair is an important process by which ... ..more

To function correctly, each cell depends on thousands of proteins to do their jobs in the right places at the right times. Sometimes, gene mutations prevent one or more of these proteins from working properly. By changing a gene’s instructions for making a protein, a mutation can cause the protein to malfunction or to be missing entirely. When a mutation alters a protein that plays a critical role in the body, it can disrupt normal development or cause a medical condition. A condition caused by mutations in one or more genes is called a genetic disorder.

In some cases ... ..more

A gene mutation is a permanent change in the DNA sequence that makes up a gene. Mutations range in size from a single DNA building block (DNA base) to a large segment of a chromosome.

Gene mutations occur in two ways: they can be inherited from a parent or acquired during a person’s lifetime. Mutations that are passed from parent to child are called hereditary mutations or germline mutations (because they are present in the egg and sperm cells, which are also called germ cells). This type of mutation is present throughout a person’s life in virtually every ... ..more

Annonymous

What is MTHFR A1298C Gene Mutation ?

  3 years, 11 months ago

By Helen Janneson Bense

A1298C single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) affects the enzyme known as 5,10 MethyleneTetraHydroFolate Reductase (MTHFR). This polymorphism involves a down regulation of the MTHFR enzyme, responsible for the backwards reaction of the folate cycle, where 5-methylfolate (5MTHF) is converted into tetrahydrofolate (THF). This reaction is most important for the production of BH4 – tetrahydrobiopterin. Each turn of the folate cycle and conversion of 5MTHF to THF produces 1 molecule of BH4. In heterozygous and homozygous states, enzyme activity will be compromised by
approximately 30% and 70% respectively.

Functions of BH4
Cofactor for all three isotypes of nitric ... ..more

Since copper is important for producing ceruloplasmin, the protein that transports iron in the bloodstream, some of the symptoms of copper deficiency come from a lack of available iron. The most common is anemia, or a low red blood cell count. #Copper deficiency can also cause a decrease in white blood cell numbers, which can affect immunity to infection.

Lack of copper also affects the central nervous system and spinal cord and can mimic the symptoms of B12 deficiency. A person deficient in copper may experience demyelination of nerves in the brain and spinal cord, which can lead to sensory ... ..more

Annonymous

What is IL13?

  4 years, 3 months ago

#IL13
This #gene encodes an immunoregulatory cytokine produced primarily by activated #Th2 cells. This #cytokine is involved in several stages of B-cell maturation and differentiation. It up-regulates CD23 and MHC class II expression, and promotes IgE isotype switching of B cells. This cytokine down-regulates macrophage activity, thereby inhibits the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines. This cytokine is found to be critical to the pathogenesis of allergen-induced asthma but operates through mechanisms independent of IgE and eosinophils. This gene, #IL3 , #IL5 , #IL4 , and #CSF2 form a cytokine gene cluster on chromosome 5q, with this #gene particularly close to IL4. [provided ... ..more

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5 “Healthy” Foods That Aren’t
January 15, 2014 by Erin Ter Beest

In a world of competing health claims, it’s hard to know what foods are really nourishing and health-promoting. Sometimes it’s even hard to tell whether or not something is really food or just a “food-like substance!” While the occasional #junk food isn’t going to kill you (and stressing out about completely avoiding it might actually do more damage than the occasional junk food itself), there are many “health” foods that have made their way into our diets regularly that are doing serious damage to ... ..more

Annonymous

What is ACAT Gene Mutation

  4 years, 3 months ago

ACAT Acetyl-Coenzyme A acetyltransferase AKA A bad Gut & Oxalates issues. This is Priority mutation # 2.

Although this mutation is fairly uncommon, it significantly impacts the Energy Cycle (citric acid cycle) and mitochondrial function. The influences are wide and far ranging and include bile salt production, cholesterol, fatty acids, and the processing of oxalates. Notwithstanding a partial or full defect, many have a “functional” variation due to the impact of aluminum, heavy metals, and toxins as well as other defects that impact this area such as the NOS, MTHFR, & CBS. Upon viewing the methylation community diagram, it is important to note that the energy cycle is closely connected to each sequence, yet it is intimately linked to both the waste cycle and SAM’s Corporation.

Since the energy cycle is essential for processing and converting all dietary nutrients (glucose, fats, proteins) into useable forms of energy, a breakdown anywhere down the line might trip an internal alarm. This is analogous to your car’s “low fuel” gauge. Just as any industry processes coal, gas, or oil for energy production, your body must have the essential nutrients in order to properly function. If you visualize the energy cycle as a clock, each hour represents an area in which one nutrient or substance converts into a more compatible form of energy. Depending on digestive function, diet, rate of absorption, and the presence of any genetic quirks, a problem might occur at any point within the device. This may lead to significant chemical imbalances within your body chemistry as well as mitochondrial dysfunction or disorders.

The ACAT plays a key role in creating bile salts, which is crucial for cholesterol and other membrane lipid balances. While we tend to view cholesterol and other fats as the “bad guys” in the war against disease, these compounds are critical for general health and wellbeing. Whether it’s the coating surrounding a nerve, cell, or organ, cholesterol is essential in its production. Think of your home’s electrical wiring and the thick, plastic or rubber coating normally found protecting it. An exposed wire is vulnerable and may “short out,” so that the impulse isn’t transmitted. Similarly, the body’s nervous system requires the protection afforded from a nice, thick fatty coating or fundamental connections may never be made. An exposed nerve may lead to a misfire, which is often the source behind the early symptoms found in neuroimmune disorders. This often includes signs such as tremors, muscle fasciculations, weakness, and fatigue as well as word groping and poor concentration and retention. Without cholesterol, you also cannot make several vital hormones, including, your sex hormones (estrogen & testosterone) or insulin. Therefore, low cholesterol levels are not as beneficial as one would initially think.

Finally, if a chronically ill person has had heavy aluminum or other toxic exposures along with a partially functioning ACAT, energy production is likely to stall to a near standstill. Moreover, as outlined in the energy cycle, other problems may include:
1. More B-12 depletion, which has ramifications throughout the entire system.
2. Cholesterol & fatty acid imbalances, often leading to toxic fatty acid buildup & high cholesterol.
3. Decreasing bile salts & increased taurine production as well as poor cell wall function since they all rely
on the proper breakdown of cholesterol through the ACAT.
4. Poor breakdown of fats, carbohydrates, & proteins to fuel other cells, nerves, tissue, & organs.
5. Rising oxalate levels that may cause painful urination and bladder & kidney stones.
6. Co Q-10 reduction, which is also necessary for mitochondrial function & energy.
7. Limited energy for the Waste Facility & SAM’s Corp. due to less conversion of methionine to SAMe. In
having over 400 methylation functions, SAMe is critical for the entire community.
As the energy factories of each cell, mitochondrial damage has significant implications. In fact, anything that demands more energy, including the gut and the brain, are particularly vulnerable. Significant blocks may limit the availability of bile salts; hence the digestive process is doubly burdened. This provides a valid reason for many unexplained digestive problems, while explaining poor growth & development as well as failure to thrive. Well-studied toxins such as aluminum, lead, mercury, and MSG also greatly impact this factory. This is one reason those with known mitochondrial disorders are discouraged from eating foods with pesticides, MSG, and aluminum. Ultimately, anyone with multiple risk factors is especially prone to mitochondrial dysfunction.

Labs:
Monitor for oxalates, high taurine, MMA, and/or methionine levels as well as low cholesterol.
Ethanolamine and the ... ..more


Summary of analogies used in methylation community: CEOs: Directs each corporation in organized steps
Supervisors: Enzymes such as MTHFRs, COMT, SHMT, and BHMT
Enzymes are proteins that are produced by living cells and regulate the body’s process to breakdown products, such as ammonia.
Employees: Chemicals, proteins, DNA, etc.
Work tags: Methyl groups (Homocysteine, SAM, Methionine) The Chain Gang: Homocysteine (HCY)
Synopsis of the Cycles
1). Power Plant = Citric Acid Cycle =
Formerly known as the Kreb’s cycle) Recognized as the mitochondrial or energy cycle
2). Garbage Dump (& Recycling) =
The urea cycle, ammonia cleanup & nitric oxide production (heart/blood vessel protection)
3). Better Health 4 Life Corp (BH4) = Communications “AT&T” & toxic waste cleanup Neurotalkers: Dopamine, Serotonin, & Norepi

4). SAM’s Corp. = Methionine Cycle =
The major producer of methyl donors and the passageway to the garbage dump (NOS) & liver via the CBS enzyme
5). Farmer Folate = Folate Cycle =
Homegrown” RNA & DNA, methyl groups and Homocysteine (HCY) regulation

The Meaning of Methylation
Methylation is truly a multi-tasking marvel that allows us to be “healthy and human.” Though this highly intricate process occurs within each cell as well as in the fluid supplying the brain and within the liver, it is responsible for the most vital undertakings throughout body chemistry. Methylation determines who we are, what we look like, and how we behave and it is central to our physical, emotional, and mental wellbeing. Without methylation, we could not survive; hence, it is the perfect pathway to focus on for understanding autoimmune ... ..more

Annonymous

What is The Citric Acid Cycle ?

  4 years, 3 months ago

The Citric Acid Cycle AKA “The Power Company” is essential for processing and converting all dietary nutrients (vitamins, minerals, fats, amino acids) into useable forms of energy just as any power industry processes coal, gas, or oil for energy production. If you visualize this cycle as a clock, each hour represents an area in which one nutrient converts into a more compatible form of energy. Depending on digestive function, diet, rate of absorption, and the presence of any genetic quirks, a problem might occur at any point within this clock. This may lead to significant metabolic (chemical processing) imbalances within ... ..more

Adverse reactions to fluoroquinolone #antibiotics ( #Cipro #Ciprofloxacin #Levaquin #Levofloxacin #Avelox #Moxifloxacin and #Floxin #Ofloxacin ) can manifest in patients as a multi-symptom chronic illness that most resembles #fibromyalgia #chronic fatigue syndrome #CFS / #myalgic encephalopathy (ME) and/or an #autoimmune diseases. As is the case with those chronic multi-symptom illnesses, the symptoms of fluoroquinolone toxicity vary greatly from one individual to another. Though almost everyone who suffers from fluoroquinolone toxicity has some sort of musculoskeletal issues (fluoroquinolones have a black box warning about the risk of tendon rupture), #neuropathy and autonomic nervous system dysfunction, those broad categories of symptoms are where the ... ..more

Lab Tests indicating a need to decrease #Calcium :
Elevated calcium relative to magnesium on a urine essential element test
Elevated calcium relative to magnesium on a red blood cell element test
Stims

#Supplements to help address high Calcium:
MitoForce Compounded Supplement
CoEnzyme Q10 Fatigue & Muscle Support Spray
GSH Capsules
Magnesium
Chamomile
Boswellia -Ayur Boswellia Serrata
Vinpocetine
Zinc
Paradex
Don Quai - Max V
Air Power
Black Cohosh
Prevagen 5mg or less ..more