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Annonymous

What does the COMT Gene Mutation mean?

  3 years, 4 months ago

To learn more about COMT Gene:
Dr. Richard Deth PhD
http://wn.com/oxidative_str...

Dr. Jill James PhD
1) http://www.ucdmc.ucdavis.ed... (2006 lectures, please scroll down for oxidative Stress Lecture as well).

2) http://www.ucdmc.ucdavis.ed... (2010 Lecture Methylation/Oxidative stress). http://www.youtube.com/watc...
 ..more

Vitamin B12 is one of the most frequently prescribed treatments in chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) yet it is not uncommon
for it to perform poorly or even to have negative effectsthus. Here Fred provides some of the reasons he believes B12 does not sometimes work in ME/CFS

Taking It in Tablet Form- Active b12 is taken as an oral tablet reducing its absorbtion to below 1%. A 1000mcg active b12 oral tablet might bind as much as 10mcg of b12. Again the b12 has to be squeezed through a keyhole that limits the amount and is subject to ... ..more

COMT and VDR Genes and DOPAMINE and NOREPINEPHERINE…and people sensitive to methyl donors.

Those with the Vitamin D Receptor Taq [VDR Taq (+/+)] mutations do not make Dopamine and therefore Norepinepherine very well.

Those with the Catechol-O-Methyl Transferase [COMT +/+] mutations cannot break down Dopamine and Norepinephrine very well.

A normal VDR [-/-] and the abnormal COMT [+/+] enzyme essentially aggravate the situation so that the concentration of Dopamine may be increased.

When the person has a perfect VDR taq [-/-] and they have the COMT [+/+] mutations then:

The good working VDR taq [-/-] allows them to make plenty of Dopamine.

The lousy COMT [+/+] causes ... ..more

MTHFR and L-METHYL FOLATE… Some Basic Information By Carol Savage M.D.

If you have the MTHFR Gene Mutations C677T and or A1298C and are already taking some L-Methyl Folate [5-MTHF] and Vitamin B12 you might also consider the following:

FOOD Eat plenty of Green Vegetables and beans to get some Dihydrofolate [DHF] and Vitamin B2 [Riboflavin] and many other naturally occurring minerals and vitamins that the body needs etc.

DIHYDROFOLATE [DHF] Dihydrofolate is needed to provide the earlier FOLATE PATHWAYS [the reactions that occur prior to the MTHFR enzyme] with the kinds of folates that they need in order ... ..more

Annonymous

What does the COMT Gene Mutation mean?

  3 years, 4 months ago

What does it mean to "spare dopamine"? As mentioned in the above COMT discussion. Not use it? Not create it?  ..more

Annonymous

What is MTHFR A1298C Gene Mutation ?

  3 years, 1 month ago

By Helen Janneson Bense

A1298C single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) affects the enzyme known as 5,10 MethyleneTetraHydroFolate Reductase (MTHFR). This polymorphism involves a down regulation of the MTHFR enzyme, responsible for the backwards reaction of the folate cycle, where 5-methylfolate (5MTHF) is converted into tetrahydrofolate (THF). This reaction is most important for the production of BH4 – tetrahydrobiopterin. Each turn of the folate cycle and conversion of 5MTHF to THF produces 1 molecule of BH4. In heterozygous and homozygous states, enzyme activity will be compromised by
approximately 30% and 70% respectively.

Functions of BH4
Cofactor for all three isotypes of nitric ... ..more

I found this excellent description in Amy Yasko's forum: ch3nutrigenomics.com. It was posted by one of the members on the site- raji: http://www.ch3nutrigenomics...
This is a private blog, but it is a very rich source of information about methylation, nutrigenomics and dietary supplementation

Here is a copy of the post:

"Common Terminology:

Methyl group: A methyl group is simply a single carbon atom bonded to 3 hydrogen atoms (CH3).

Methylation: Transfer of methyl groups from one chemical to another is called methylation. Essentially any chemical compound that has a methyl group as part of its chemical ... ..more

Annonymous

COMT and MAO A in the brain

  3 years, 3 months ago

COMT, GAD, MAOA/B and addressing methylation too soon can definitely cause neuro-psych issues, but it all comes back to methyl pooling. SNPs in these genes can also contribute: ACE, DAO, MTHFR (e.g., A1298C). Homozygous or 'AA' results for COMT V158M is particularly associated with anxiety & startle response. Quite a few SNPs & quite a few medical conditions can contribute to anxiety, of course (e.g., gut health & bacteria resulting in toxin exposure).

For brain fog / concentration issues, follow up on SNPs affecting ammonia (such as NOS gene, etc.) & BH4 levels (DHPR gene, etc.), also.

With anxiety as a chief ... ..more


Summary of analogies used in methylation community: CEOs: Directs each corporation in organized steps
Supervisors: Enzymes such as MTHFRs, COMT, SHMT, and BHMT
Enzymes are proteins that are produced by living cells and regulate the body’s process to breakdown products, such as ammonia.
Employees: Chemicals, proteins, DNA, etc.
Work tags: Methyl groups (Homocysteine, SAM, Methionine) The Chain Gang: Homocysteine (HCY)
Synopsis of the Cycles
1). Power Plant = Citric Acid Cycle =
Formerly known as the Kreb’s cycle) Recognized as the mitochondrial or energy cycle
2). Garbage Dump (& Recycling) =
The urea cycle, ammonia cleanup & nitric oxide production (heart/blood vessel protection)
3). Better Health 4 Life Corp (BH4) = Communications “AT&T” & toxic waste cleanup Neurotalkers: Dopamine, Serotonin, & Norepi

4). SAM’s Corp. = Methionine Cycle =
The major producer of methyl donors and the passageway to the garbage dump (NOS) & liver via the CBS enzyme
5). Farmer Folate = Folate Cycle =
Homegrown” RNA & DNA, methyl groups and Homocysteine (HCY) regulation

The Meaning of Methylation
Methylation is truly a multi-tasking marvel that allows us to be “healthy and human.” Though this highly intricate process occurs within each cell as well as in the fluid supplying the brain and within the liver, it is responsible for the most vital undertakings throughout body chemistry. Methylation determines who we are, what we look like, and how we behave and it is central to our physical, emotional, and mental wellbeing. Without methylation, we could not survive; hence, it is the perfect pathway to focus on for understanding autoimmune ... ..more

Annonymous

What is the Folate Cycle ?

  3 years, 4 months ago

The Folate Cycle Produces organic, homegrown RNA & DNA. Converts folate into usable forms to keep HCY* in check & sends on to SAM’s for more work tags. *HCY/Homocysteine

The Folate Cycle is the “Organic Farming Region” where everything is homegrown. This Region grows “organic” work tags (methyl groups) and is instrumental in the front-line production of new RNA and DNA. Still, this plantation is a bit old fashioned, employing a chain gang (homocysteine) to help them get the work done. Though rarely considered in everyday life, RNA & DNA are essential to making you unique, as well as directing health ... ..more

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VDR
Vitamin D Receptor “Determines donors”

VDR Taq tt = -/- (green, no defect) tolerates fewer methyl donors
VDR Taq TT = +/+ (red, complete defect) tolerates more methyl donors
Partial or complete defects may mean you will not readily absorb Vit D from sun exposure. This may also contribute to seasonal depression, particularly when the sun is at it's lowest in the fall/winter season. Many studies in the past decade have noted a strong correlation between Vitamin D deficiency and neurological degeneration. In fact, aside from having implications in Parkinson’s and dementia, this SNP is highly associated with Multiple Sclerosis ... ..more

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STEP ONE: Layering in The Foundation
Knowing your Nervous system #dominance is an integral part in establishing the treatment process.
A). Remove or limit triggers:
Processed foods contain excitotoxins, dyes, and #toxic preservatives. It is also crucial to remove obvious food #allergies . Please see Resqua pages on #excitotoxins for more information. This is simply defined and discussed in detail. 



B). Begin general support:
Provide a good foundation for your nervous system type and begin nutritional support. Though life threatening reactions would be extremely rare (and to my knowledge, unheard of), moving too quickly can result in more intense symptoms of ... ..more

Annonymous

What does the COMT Gene Mutation mean?

  3 years, 4 months ago

What does it mean to "spare dopamine"? As mentioned in the above COMT discussion. Not use it? Not create it?  ..more

MTHFR C677T Mutation: Basic Protocol by Dr Lynch on February 24, 2012 in C677T MTHFR Mutations
Have one or two copies of the MTHFR C677T mutation? Don’t know what to do?

After working with 100′s of individuals with this defect, I’ve developed a protocol which may help a significant number of people.
I want to make it absolutely clear that while the MTHFR C677T mutation may be common across a number of individuals, the outcome of supplementing with various nutrients can vary tremendously due to other genetic defects, dietary and lifestyle choices and environmental exposures.

Some of ... ..more