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VDR Taq has a minor allele (MAF) of "G":
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov...

Here are some studies that reference VDR Taq (rs731236):

"We observed that women with GG (rs731236), ... were characterized by a significant correlation between vitamin D vs testosterone concentration and FAI value. We found a significant correlation between testosterone level and FAI vs vitamin D concentration in men with heterozygote AG in the rs731236 polymorphism"
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov...

"The VDR polymorphism, TaqI (rs731236), was associated with a 26 % risk reduction (TT vs. CC, OR 0.74)"
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov...

All ... ..more

COMT and VDR Genes and DOPAMINE and NOREPINEPHERINE…and people sensitive to methyl donors.

Those with the Vitamin D Receptor Taq [VDR Taq (+/+)] mutations do not make Dopamine and therefore Norepinepherine very well.

Those with the Catechol-O-Methyl Transferase [COMT +/+] mutations cannot break down Dopamine and Norepinephrine very well.

A normal VDR [-/-] and the abnormal COMT [+/+] enzyme essentially aggravate the situation so that the concentration of Dopamine may be increased.

When the person has a perfect VDR taq [-/-] and they have the COMT [+/+] mutations then:

The good working VDR taq [-/-] allows them to make plenty of Dopamine.

The lousy COMT [+/+] causes ... ..more

Annonymous

What is MTHFR A1298C Gene Mutation ?

  3 years, 11 months ago

By Helen Janneson Bense

A1298C single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) affects the enzyme known as 5,10 MethyleneTetraHydroFolate Reductase (MTHFR). This polymorphism involves a down regulation of the MTHFR enzyme, responsible for the backwards reaction of the folate cycle, where 5-methylfolate (5MTHF) is converted into tetrahydrofolate (THF). This reaction is most important for the production of BH4 – tetrahydrobiopterin. Each turn of the folate cycle and conversion of 5MTHF to THF produces 1 molecule of BH4. In heterozygous and homozygous states, enzyme activity will be compromised by
approximately 30% and 70% respectively.

Functions of BH4
Cofactor for all three isotypes of nitric ... ..more

COMT, GAD, MAOA/B and addressing methylation too soon can definitely cause neuro-psych issues, but it all comes back to methyl pooling. SNPs in these genes can also contribute: ACE, DAO, MTHFR (e.g., A1298C). Homozygous or 'AA' results for COMT V158M is particularly associated with anxiety & startle response. Quite a few SNPs & quite a few medical conditions can contribute to anxiety, of course (e.g., gut health & bacteria resulting in toxin exposure).

For brain fog / concentration issues, follow up on SNPs affecting ammonia (such as NOS gene, etc.) & BH4 levels (DHPR gene, etc.), also.

With anxiety as a chief ... ..more

Annonymous

What is the BCMO1 Gene ?

  4 years, 3 months ago

The #BCMO1 gene encodes the beta-carotene 15,15'-monooxygenase protein which cleaves beta-carotene symmetrically to yield two molecules of retinal. Polymorphisms in this #gene can affect serum #retinol concentration. In other words: this mutation may cause you to have lower retinol levels. #eyehealth ..more

Annonymous

What is ACAT Gene Mutation

  4 years, 3 months ago

ACAT Acetyl-Coenzyme A acetyltransferase AKA A bad Gut & Oxalates issues. This is Priority mutation # 2.

Although this mutation is fairly uncommon, it significantly impacts the Energy Cycle (citric acid cycle) and mitochondrial function. The influences are wide and far ranging and include bile salt production, cholesterol, fatty acids, and the processing of oxalates. Notwithstanding a partial or full defect, many have a “functional” variation due to the impact of aluminum, heavy metals, and toxins as well as other defects that impact this area such as the NOS, MTHFR, & CBS. Upon viewing the methylation community diagram, it is important to note that the energy cycle is closely connected to each sequence, yet it is intimately linked to both the waste cycle and SAM’s Corporation.

Since the energy cycle is essential for processing and converting all dietary nutrients (glucose, fats, proteins) into useable forms of energy, a breakdown anywhere down the line might trip an internal alarm. This is analogous to your car’s “low fuel” gauge. Just as any industry processes coal, gas, or oil for energy production, your body must have the essential nutrients in order to properly function. If you visualize the energy cycle as a clock, each hour represents an area in which one nutrient or substance converts into a more compatible form of energy. Depending on digestive function, diet, rate of absorption, and the presence of any genetic quirks, a problem might occur at any point within the device. This may lead to significant chemical imbalances within your body chemistry as well as mitochondrial dysfunction or disorders.

The ACAT plays a key role in creating bile salts, which is crucial for cholesterol and other membrane lipid balances. While we tend to view cholesterol and other fats as the “bad guys” in the war against disease, these compounds are critical for general health and wellbeing. Whether it’s the coating surrounding a nerve, cell, or organ, cholesterol is essential in its production. Think of your home’s electrical wiring and the thick, plastic or rubber coating normally found protecting it. An exposed wire is vulnerable and may “short out,” so that the impulse isn’t transmitted. Similarly, the body’s nervous system requires the protection afforded from a nice, thick fatty coating or fundamental connections may never be made. An exposed nerve may lead to a misfire, which is often the source behind the early symptoms found in neuroimmune disorders. This often includes signs such as tremors, muscle fasciculations, weakness, and fatigue as well as word groping and poor concentration and retention. Without cholesterol, you also cannot make several vital hormones, including, your sex hormones (estrogen & testosterone) or insulin. Therefore, low cholesterol levels are not as beneficial as one would initially think.

Finally, if a chronically ill person has had heavy aluminum or other toxic exposures along with a partially functioning ACAT, energy production is likely to stall to a near standstill. Moreover, as outlined in the energy cycle, other problems may include:
1. More B-12 depletion, which has ramifications throughout the entire system.
2. Cholesterol & fatty acid imbalances, often leading to toxic fatty acid buildup & high cholesterol.
3. Decreasing bile salts & increased taurine production as well as poor cell wall function since they all rely
on the proper breakdown of cholesterol through the ACAT.
4. Poor breakdown of fats, carbohydrates, & proteins to fuel other cells, nerves, tissue, & organs.
5. Rising oxalate levels that may cause painful urination and bladder & kidney stones.
6. Co Q-10 reduction, which is also necessary for mitochondrial function & energy.
7. Limited energy for the Waste Facility & SAM’s Corp. due to less conversion of methionine to SAMe. In
having over 400 methylation functions, SAMe is critical for the entire community.
As the energy factories of each cell, mitochondrial damage has significant implications. In fact, anything that demands more energy, including the gut and the brain, are particularly vulnerable. Significant blocks may limit the availability of bile salts; hence the digestive process is doubly burdened. This provides a valid reason for many unexplained digestive problems, while explaining poor growth & development as well as failure to thrive. Well-studied toxins such as aluminum, lead, mercury, and MSG also greatly impact this factory. This is one reason those with known mitochondrial disorders are discouraged from eating foods with pesticides, MSG, and aluminum. Ultimately, anyone with multiple risk factors is especially prone to mitochondrial dysfunction.

Labs:
Monitor for oxalates, high taurine, MMA, and/or methionine levels as well as low cholesterol.
Ethanolamine and the ... ..more

1. Start eating 'clean'. Organic, non-GMO home made meals should become a priority. Eliminating #gluten and dairy to relieve your body from the burden of processing them should also begin.

2. Avoid taking any extra Folic Acid. There is already a lot of it in the nation's food supply, as it is added to [fortified] to many processed foods. If a person has the #MTHFR mutations then #L-Methyl Folate is the better choice. Choose this #supplement carefully.
Folic Acid will get turned into #Dihydrofolate and will be all gone, except for any more you may eat due to ... ..more

#Parasympathetic Nervous System “Rest, repair, & digest” or “Type B’s” There are 3 basic #PNS Dominant subtypes: Basic, Extreme, & Inefficient PNS Dominant types.
The following is a summary of the average PNS Dominant type. 
 The parasympathetic nervous system (PNS) works to nourish, heal and regenerate the body. It is anabolic, which means it is concerned with rebuilding the body and storing nutrients. Its’ nerves stimulate the immune system, digestion, and urinary function. These organs include the liver, pancreas, stomach, intestines, kidneys, and bladder.

The parasympathetic nervous system, when activated by rest, relaxation and positive thinking, is essential for the elimination of wastes, emotional wellbeing and healing. When you feel absolutely stuffed and lethargic after a big Thanksgiving dinner, it is your PNS that is most active. 
 
In situations in which we have excessive parasympathetic nervous system dominance, we often find #disorganization , #depression , #apathy , and #lethargy . There may also be a decrease in clarity of thought such as “spaciness” or poor concentration. The #adrenal and #thyroid glands tend to be underactive and sex #hormones such as #estrogen , #progesterone , and #testosterone are abnormally low. There are frequently issues with multiple #allergies and sensitivities #MCS , dry skin, weight gain or a tendency toward #obesity . These are generally the people who go on the same exact “Healthy” diet as their friends or partner yet struggle to lose a few pounds. Meanwhile, everyone one else has lost 10-20 lbs and is back to their regular routine. 



Other signs and symptoms include: frequent hunger, dry/irritated eyes, unexplained sneezing or coughing, #asthma , dizziness (particularly with standing), irregular heart beats or “skipped heart beats”, low blood pressure, and #hypoglycemia as well as increased production of all digestive enzymes and bowel activity, leading to more “stomach rumbling”. #PNS Dominants rarely struggle with #constipation and may have periods of loose or frequent stools. They are also more likely to experience the feeling of being “Tired yet wired,” particularly after eating a simple carbohydrate or sugary snack.

While #SNS Dominants may also struggle with this tired yet wired sensation, it is usually more prominent in PNS Dominance. Incidentally, those who cannot tolerate higher altitudes or the more rapid drops in barometric pressure (weather changes) are more likely the PNS Dominant or “Inefficient Balanced” types as a stronger SNS is required in adjusting to higher altitudes and changing weather patterns. These are the folks who know the weather is going to change before anyone else and often suffer with allergies or headaches. They are also prone to upper #respiratory infections, which may evolve to #bronchitis or #pneumonia . Despite this, they do not tolerate hot weather as well as the other types and prefer colder climates. They are also prone to flushing and may have pinker or darker ears and a “ruddy” complexion.

Nevertheless, when these individuals are well, they can be highly creative and productive and are often slow to anger. They tend to have less interest in “left brain” academics (math or science) and often prefer “right brain” academics (art, music, & lit).

According to Dr. Gonzalez, many Nobel Prize winners in art and literature are PNS Dominants (Hemmingway, Faulkner, & Lewis). PNS Dominants typically avoid confrontational professions and enjoy those, which allow their heightened creative abilities to flourish. And, depending upon where they reside within the PNS axis, many are “foodies” who live to eat rather than simply eating to live, as SNS types tend to do. These folks typically enjoy discussing good restaurants or engaging in discussions about great meals and recipes. They typically gravitate toward meat & potatoes with some veggies usually the root (potatoes, squash, yams) or cruciferous veggies (broccoli, cauliflower, Brussel Sprouts, cabbage). In general, PNS Dominants are more sociable than SNS types. Likewise, they may prefer to remain busy yet tend to avoid exercise. Still, #genetic factors also considerably influence many of these traits.


Finally, PNS Dominants are most likely to develop immune related cancers such as malignant #melanoma , #lymphoma , #sarcoma , and #leukemia . 
 
Food priorities: It is generally helpful to evaluate the foods you crave and how you tolerate each newly introduced food. For instance, after eating meat do you feel better and more clearheaded or are you more anxious, jittery, or depressed? If you’re having a lot of digestive issues, you may want to begin with mostly cooked foods, at least to some degree, in order to reduce the strain on your digestive system. Therefore, it is important to consider whether or not you tolerate raw vs. cooked foods. Those with PNS Dominance favor butter, cream, meat, and potatoes as well as sour flavors. Yet they avoid sweets, although a heavier pastry with butter or cream is acceptable. 
 


Regrettably, many PNS Dominants have been heavily influenced by medical and nutrition experts and eat well outside their nutritional requirements. They may favor heavier, “meat & potato” meals yet eat leaner meats, whole grain carbs, fruits, and vegetables despite not feeling satisfied. While many desire bacon and egg breakfasts, they opt for the lighter fruit, toast, and yogurt fare of the SNS Dominant, thinking this is a “healthier” choice. And, even while they gag at the thought of oatmeal or cream of wheat, they do their best to find a “healthy” compromise. They frequently have a spurt of energy for 30 minutes or so, only to feel tired and lackluster within the space of an hour. Yet, if allowed to eat a thick slice of ham with potatoes, they’ll have the energy they need to work throughout the entire morning.

In fact, many “vegetarian” PNS Dominants feel much more alert and energetic when they start eating animal proteins While they sought out the heavier “allowed” proteins (cheese, eggs, hummus), most never felt satiated. 
 
For the PNS Dominant, eating meat is not “morally inferior”; it is essential for their health and survival Ultimately, each person should consume the most healthful foods for their metabolic make up. Though SNS Dominants require mostly vegetarian, raw foods, for greatest health, those who are PNS Dominant require fattier, red meats. They are hardwired to function well on the wholesome, omega 3 fats & #glutamate found in grass fed meats. Besides, most will develop a multitude of health problems if they adopt the SNS Dominant’s diet. 
 
For those with concerns regarding #sulfur , while foods such as #broccoli & #cauliflower contain a fair amount of sulfur ... ..more


By Caledonia
1-21-2014

ME/CFS patients are notoriously very sensitive to medicines and supplements. It’s common to have adverse reactions, or to only be able to tolerate small doses.
Newbies are especially prone to taking too large of doses or going too fast. The following explains how to manage such sensitivity.

Start Low and Go Slow

Whenever you start a new medicine or supplement, it is suggested to practice Start Low and Go Slow.

This means starting with very small doses, much less than a normal dose, such as 1/8 of pill. That way, if you're going ... ..more

YouTube

Annonymous

What are Neurotransmitters

  4 years, 3 months ago

Perhaps the best way to think of neurotransmitters is with an automobile example. Most automobiles in the United States are made to cruise at 60-70 miles per hour, perfect for interstate highways and that summer vacation. If we place that same automobile on a racetrack and drive day-after-day at 130 mph, two things would happen:
1). Parts would fail and
2). We would run the engine so hot that we’d likely evaporate or burnout the oil.
In fact, neurotransmitters such as serotonin act as the brain’s “oil”.

Comparable to a normal automobile on a race track, when we ... ..more

Annonymous

How does Methylation influence mood ?

  4 years, 3 months ago


It is important to understand the basics of methylation, and although a more detailed study of #methylation chemistry may be interesting, for our needs, it is not really necessary to study it here as it will only serve to confuse matters, so only the most important aspects will be considered.

Put simply, the methylation process makes #neurotransmitters (mood building blocks), and the issue of a person being an under or over methylator can be confusing, because there is contradiction between the various sources of information on the methylation process. For our purposes, we'll say that an over methylator is ... ..more

#NMDA RECEPTORS
http://users.humboldt.edu/j...
Taking #Magnesium will help to block an otherwise over-active NMDA Receptors and… calm the brain.
HOMOCYSTEINE can occupy the #Glutamate Receptor on the NMDA Receptor and over stimulate the receptive dentritic neuron and can lead to neuronal damage or “burn out” [death].

Taking MAGNESIUM is calming because in part it blocks the NMDA Receptor and buffets the excessive stimulation by TOO MUCH HOMOCYSTEINE occupying the Glutamate Receptor site.
A synapse that is gated by only NMDA is less likely to cause an excitatory post synaptic potential (EPSP) because the ion channel is blocked ... ..more

Annonymous

Can anyone give me juicing tips ?

  4 years, 3 months ago

It is best to use a “masticator” such as the Champion juicer, or a “twin press” juicer such as the Green Star Elite, rather than a “centrifugal” juicer. The latter adds oxygen to the juice’s enzymes during the process and this leads to “oxidation” or breakdown of nutrients.

While there are some exceptional products on the market, they can also be cumbersome and expensive (Norwalk $2800). In an ideal world, the GreenStar Elite (GSE) 5000 offers the best of both worlds and is actually a good compromise from Norwalk (yet much more costly than the Champion) at $550. Twin ... ..more

What does this process look like when it’s broken? After reading the following, you will be able to envision the implications of defects or mutations. The following is an example of the health problems that might occur.
1. Poor nerve function leads to muscle twitching, numbness, and weakness yet misfires can cause seizures, fatigue, memory loss, word groping, clumsiness (with falls & injuries), and visual or hearing loss in those with MS, CFS/ME, or Autism Spectrum Disorders.

2. Depending on the neuro-talker, imbalances often lead to a variety of disorders including: depression, anxiety, panic attacks, irritability, mood swings, OCD ... ..more

Annonymous

Can you tell me about coffee enemas ?

  4 years, 3 months ago

Coffee enemas help eliminate pollutants and stimulate 500-700 times the amount of glutathione normally made by the #liver . #Glutathione is your body’s major #antioxidant and #immune booster and it is critical in #cancer therapy and prevention as well as CFS/MCS recovery. It also removes sulfide producing toxins and #ammonia from the #gut . Nevertheless, it is only mandated for cancer treatment. #Detox

The following are some helpful tips:
• For those with #arthritis or mobility issues, using camping or an army cot is essential for quick enema release (without messy accidents)

• Chamomile tea is beneficial for reducing #bowel spasms and ... ..more

To find out if your #gut is #metabolizing or #absorbing #fat you can have your doctor run a Fecal fat and a #Sehcat test for #bile acid #malabsorption
Reasons can be Low #triglycerides, low #cholesterol , #choline deficiency, #FattyLiver......

Malabsorption can be described as the body’s inability to absorb certain nutrients from the #gastrointestinal ( #GI ) tract. This problem has become one of the leading health concerns all across the US today. There are several different types of malabsorption syndromes and the most common ones include the inability to absorb fat, proteins, vitamins and sugar. The different factors that could lead ... ..more

Annonymous

What is Dopamine ?

  4 years, 3 months ago

Think “delightful dialogue” with #dopamine since this #neurotransmitter is crucial for happiness, a sense of wellbeing, and language. It’s also involved in #muscle control and function. Dopamine is responsible for #motivation , interest, #mood , #speech , and contentment. It is also associated with positive #stress states such as being in love, exercising, listening to music, and of course, #sex . When you don't have enough dopamine, you may have difficulty initiating or completing tasks. Deficiencies also lead to poor #concentration , little or no energy, and lack of motivation. This could be the culprit if you lack the initiative to study the ... ..more

Acetylcholine is known as the inhibitory #Neurotransmitter System
The first #neurotransmitter to be discovered in 1921. Its’ importance lies in the fact that it stimulates muscles to contract. This NT alters heart muscle contractions and impacts muscle function throughout the body. It’s also strategic in vocalizations/ #speech and #swallowing . Acetylcholine is critical for #attention , #alertness , and #memory . People with #Alzheimer’s , #Parkinson’s , #ALS , and #Myasthenia Gravis have substantial #dysfunction within acetylcholine activity or breakdown.

Low levels are associated with #depression , and a lack of #concentration & #emotion as well as poor #muscle tone, #forgetfulness , and poor #sleep “light sleepers ... ..more

#Parasympathetic Nervous System “Rest, repair, & digest” or “Type B’s” There are 3 basic #PNS Dominant subtypes: Basic, Extreme, & Inefficient PNS Dominant types.
The following is a summary of the average PNS Dominant type. 
 The parasympathetic nervous system (PNS) works to nourish, heal and regenerate the body. It is anabolic, which means it is concerned with rebuilding the body and storing nutrients. Its’ nerves stimulate the immune system, digestion, and urinary function. These organs include the liver, pancreas, stomach, intestines, kidneys, and bladder.

The parasympathetic nervous system, when activated by rest, relaxation and positive thinking, is essential for the elimination of wastes, emotional wellbeing and healing. When you feel absolutely stuffed and lethargic after a big Thanksgiving dinner, it is your PNS that is most active. 
 
In situations in which we have excessive parasympathetic nervous system dominance, we often find #disorganization , #depression , #apathy , and #lethargy . There may also be a decrease in clarity of thought such as “spaciness” or poor concentration. The #adrenal and #thyroid glands tend to be underactive and sex #hormones such as #estrogen , #progesterone , and #testosterone are abnormally low. There are frequently issues with multiple #allergies and sensitivities #MCS , dry skin, weight gain or a tendency toward #obesity . These are generally the people who go on the same exact “Healthy” diet as their friends or partner yet struggle to lose a few pounds. Meanwhile, everyone one else has lost 10-20 lbs and is back to their regular routine. 



Other signs and symptoms include: frequent hunger, dry/irritated eyes, unexplained sneezing or coughing, #asthma , dizziness (particularly with standing), irregular heart beats or “skipped heart beats”, low blood pressure, and #hypoglycemia as well as increased production of all digestive enzymes and bowel activity, leading to more “stomach rumbling”. #PNS Dominants rarely struggle with #constipation and may have periods of loose or frequent stools. They are also more likely to experience the feeling of being “Tired yet wired,” particularly after eating a simple carbohydrate or sugary snack.

While #SNS Dominants may also struggle with this tired yet wired sensation, it is usually more prominent in PNS Dominance. Incidentally, those who cannot tolerate higher altitudes or the more rapid drops in barometric pressure (weather changes) are more likely the PNS Dominant or “Inefficient Balanced” types as a stronger SNS is required in adjusting to higher altitudes and changing weather patterns. These are the folks who know the weather is going to change before anyone else and often suffer with allergies or headaches. They are also prone to upper #respiratory infections, which may evolve to #bronchitis or #pneumonia . Despite this, they do not tolerate hot weather as well as the other types and prefer colder climates. They are also prone to flushing and may have pinker or darker ears and a “ruddy” complexion.

Nevertheless, when these individuals are well, they can be highly creative and productive and are often slow to anger. They tend to have less interest in “left brain” academics (math or science) and often prefer “right brain” academics (art, music, & lit).

According to Dr. Gonzalez, many Nobel Prize winners in art and literature are PNS Dominants (Hemmingway, Faulkner, & Lewis). PNS Dominants typically avoid confrontational professions and enjoy those, which allow their heightened creative abilities to flourish. And, depending upon where they reside within the PNS axis, many are “foodies” who live to eat rather than simply eating to live, as SNS types tend to do. These folks typically enjoy discussing good restaurants or engaging in discussions about great meals and recipes. They typically gravitate toward meat & potatoes with some veggies usually the root (potatoes, squash, yams) or cruciferous veggies (broccoli, cauliflower, Brussel Sprouts, cabbage). In general, PNS Dominants are more sociable than SNS types. Likewise, they may prefer to remain busy yet tend to avoid exercise. Still, #genetic factors also considerably influence many of these traits.


Finally, PNS Dominants are most likely to develop immune related cancers such as malignant #melanoma , #lymphoma , #sarcoma , and #leukemia . 
 
Food priorities: It is generally helpful to evaluate the foods you crave and how you tolerate each newly introduced food. For instance, after eating meat do you feel better and more clearheaded or are you more anxious, jittery, or depressed? If you’re having a lot of digestive issues, you may want to begin with mostly cooked foods, at least to some degree, in order to reduce the strain on your digestive system. Therefore, it is important to consider whether or not you tolerate raw vs. cooked foods. Those with PNS Dominance favor butter, cream, meat, and potatoes as well as sour flavors. Yet they avoid sweets, although a heavier pastry with butter or cream is acceptable. 
 


Regrettably, many PNS Dominants have been heavily influenced by medical and nutrition experts and eat well outside their nutritional requirements. They may favor heavier, “meat & potato” meals yet eat leaner meats, whole grain carbs, fruits, and vegetables despite not feeling satisfied. While many desire bacon and egg breakfasts, they opt for the lighter fruit, toast, and yogurt fare of the SNS Dominant, thinking this is a “healthier” choice. And, even while they gag at the thought of oatmeal or cream of wheat, they do their best to find a “healthy” compromise. They frequently have a spurt of energy for 30 minutes or so, only to feel tired and lackluster within the space of an hour. Yet, if allowed to eat a thick slice of ham with potatoes, they’ll have the energy they need to work throughout the entire morning.

In fact, many “vegetarian” PNS Dominants feel much more alert and energetic when they start eating animal proteins While they sought out the heavier “allowed” proteins (cheese, eggs, hummus), most never felt satiated. 
 
For the PNS Dominant, eating meat is not “morally inferior”; it is essential for their health and survival Ultimately, each person should consume the most healthful foods for their metabolic make up. Though SNS Dominants require mostly vegetarian, raw foods, for greatest health, those who are PNS Dominant require fattier, red meats. They are hardwired to function well on the wholesome, omega 3 fats & #glutamate found in grass fed meats. Besides, most will develop a multitude of health problems if they adopt the SNS Dominant’s diet. 
 
For those with concerns regarding #sulfur , while foods such as #broccoli & #cauliflower contain a fair amount of sulfur ... ..more