Introduction to The Vagus Nerve
In people with fatigue, food sensitivities, anxiety and gut problems, brain fog and depersonalization, the vagus nerve is almost always at play. These people have lower vagal tone, which means a lower ability of the vagus nerve to activate.
The only question is what aspect of the vagus nerve is malfunctioning and how much the vagus nerve is a problem vs. other aspects of your biology.
The vagus nerve is part of the parasympathetic nervous system, referred to as the rest and digest system. It’s not the only nerve ... ..more
Methylation is a key biochemical process that is essential for the proper function of almost all of your body’s systems. It occurs billions of times every second; it helps repair your DNA on a daily basis; it controls homocysteine (an unhealthy compound that can damage blood vessels); it helps recycle molecules needed for detoxification; and it helps maintain mood and keep inflammation in check.
To keep methylation running smoothly you need optimal levels of B vitamins. Without enough B vitamins methylation breaks down, and the results can be catastrophic. In these cases we see more birth defects like spina ... ..more
The methylation pathway can be likened to the body’s chief housekeeping and maintenance systems. It is responsible for many of the most complex and vital undertakings throughout the body, occurring each time the body takes one substance and turns it into another. This chemical exchange occurs between enzymes, amino acids, proteins, and other molecules in order to maintain cell function. Methylation regulates gene expression, allowing beneficial genes to function while keeping less desirable genes at bay. It also provides the backbone for the immune system, DNA, RNA, cellular repair, detoxification, hormone regulation, and communication between the cells and ... ..more
There is little known about the A1298C MTHFR mutation. Or so it seems.
Research seems to ignore it almost completely while the C677T MTHFR mutation gets all the attention and glory.
For those who have the A1298C MTHFR mutation, this is frustrating.
Symptoms exist and doctors are saying there is no correlation between the MTHFR A1298C mutation and your symptoms – right?
I’d like to prove them wrong – at least for the symptoms which do correlate with the A1298C MTHFR mutation.
The MTHFR A1298C mutation may affect you if you are either:
--Homozygous A1298C MTHFR mutation
--Compound heterozgous A1298C + C677T ... ..more
The Major Tasks of Methylation
In order to provide a brief overview, the following methylation tasks have been vastly streamlined. In reality, there is an endless array of both direct and indirect Methylation activities within the human body. Even so, this summary should provide greater understanding of this highly complex pathway, as well as the complications that can arise from various defects or toxic exposures.
Methylation is responsible for the following:
1. Nervous system function (brain, spinal cord, & nerve cells). It’s critical for the insulation around nerves (myelin), which allows signals to properly transmit via this sheath, or outer ... ..more
HISTAMINE AND THE GUT By Carol Savage M.D.
Diamine Oxidase (DAO) is the enzyme in the gut responsible for the degradation of HISTAMINE.
Histamine N-MethylTransferase [HNMT] is an enzyme found inside cells so it breaks down histamine within cells. Diamine Oxidase [DAO] is likely “responsible for scavenging extracellular histamine after mediator release.”
Although Diamine Oxidase [DAO] is found everywhere in the body, the bowels are perhaps the most important site of the action of the enzyme DAO.
DAO is synthesized by mature and undamaged enterocytes [gut cells] in the small bowel, so any gut damage would decrease DAO release ... ..more
STEP ONE: Layering in The Foundation
Knowing your Nervous system #dominance is an integral part in establishing the treatment process.
A). Remove or limit triggers:
Processed foods contain excitotoxins, dyes, and #toxic preservatives. It is also crucial to remove obvious food #allergies . Please see Resqua pages on #excitotoxins for more information. This is simply defined and discussed in detail.
B). Begin general support:
Provide a good foundation for your nervous system type and begin nutritional support. Though life threatening reactions would be extremely rare (and to my knowledge, unheard of), moving too quickly can result in more intense symptoms of ... ..more
What does it mean to "spare dopamine"? As mentioned in the above COMT discussion. Not use it? Not create it? ..more
Leaky Gut Syndrome affects millions of people worldwide. While some people show antibodies in their blood indicating an immune system response to the presence of various foods, others merely show signs and symptoms of sensitivity and intolerance. Both of these conditions, and many more, are indicators of leaky gut syndrome.
WHAT IS LEAKY GUT?
Leaky gut syndrome is an un-fancy name given to increased or excessive intestinal permeability. Essentially, the walls of our digestive tracts are compromised - more porous than is healthy and normal, and as a result, particles of food, toxins, bacteria and viruses all “leak” into the bloodstream ... ..more
MTHFR C677T Mutation: Basic Protocol by Dr Lynch on February 24, 2012 in C677T MTHFR Mutations
Have one or two copies of the MTHFR C677T mutation? Don’t know what to do?
After working with 100′s of individuals with this defect, I’ve developed a protocol which may help a significant number of people.
I want to make it absolutely clear that while the MTHFR C677T mutation may be common across a number of individuals, the outcome of supplementing with various nutrients can vary tremendously due to other genetic defects, dietary and lifestyle choices and environmental exposures.
Some of ... ..more
It is important to understand the basics of methylation, and although a more detailed study of #methylation chemistry may be interesting, for our needs, it is not really necessary to study it here as it will only serve to confuse matters, so only the most important aspects will be considered.
Put simply, the methylation process makes #neurotransmitters (mood building blocks), and the issue of a person being an under or over methylator can be confusing, because there is contradiction between the various sources of information on the methylation process. For our purposes, we'll say that an over methylator is ... ..more
MAO-A (Monoamine oxidase A) is a critical enzyme involved in breaking down important neurotransmitters such as serotonin, norepinephrine, and dopamine. While a homozygous (+/+) mutation is very common, prolonged periods of stress, violence, or trauma can lead to epigenetic changes that further decrease enzyme activity. On the table above, males only have one allele since the gene is inherited through from their mother since it is located on the X chromosome.
Males are more likely to have this mutation, represented on the table as homozygous (+). Only females can be heterozygous (+/-) for this mutation.
When a (+/+) MAO-A mutation is combined with a ... ..more
CBS (cystathionine beta synthase) catalyzes the first step of the transsulfuration pathway, from homocysteine to cystathionine. Dr. Yasko considers addressing CBS mutations as first priority aside from addressing the gut.
This enzyme converts homocysteine to cystathionine. In a separate reaction, cystathionine is then converted to cysteine which in turn goes to taurine or glutathione among other things.
CBS defects are actually upregulations. This means the enzyme works too fast. Therefore, it is common to see low levels of cystathionine and homocysteine since there is a rapid conversion to taurine. This leads to high levels of taurine and ammonia.
The upregulation ... ..more
￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼What does this process look like when it’s broken? After reading the following, you will be able to envision the implications of defects or mutations. The following is an example of the health problems that might occur.
1. Poor nerve function leads to muscle twitching, numbness, and weakness yet misfires can cause seizures, fatigue, memory loss, word groping, clumsiness (with falls & injuries), and visual or hearing loss in those with MS, CFS/ME, or Autism Spectrum Disorders.
2. Depending on the neuro-talker, imbalances often lead to a variety of disorders including: depression, anxiety, panic attacks, irritability, mood swings, OCD ... ..more
Evaluating the nervous system’s style or “dominance” is a key factor in the initial process i.e dopamine or seratonin dominance. This will allow for a more targeted regimen, based on your individual needs. This is why consulting with your Doctor is pivotal.
1. Slowly adding basic supplements & support: general minerals, vitamin B’s & B-12, digestive enzymes, probiotics, antioxidants, essential fatty acids, etc.
2. Gut Health is critical. Since most chronically ill adults & children have at least 1-2 (if not 3-4!) enzyme defects that affect the gut and digestion, the gut is always a factor. Gut bugs tend to ... ..more
A chemical made in the BH4 cycle, which is used to produce dopamine and serotonin, neurotransmitters strategic in regulating mood, sleep, attention and focus, reward seeking behavior, addiction, and sense of wellbeing. BH4 is also critical in the urea cycle (waste facility) for cleaning up ammonia and making nitric oxide. A shortage of this important chemical has widespread repercussions.
Tetrahydrobiopterin BH4 Cycle produces the BH4 used for making neuro-talkers (dopamine, epinephrine, nor-epi, serotonin, & melatonin). It cleans up toxic ammonia in The Waste Cycle & makes Nitric oxide to protect the heart & brain.
Though controversy exists regarding this cycle’s function, Dr. Yasko’s theory indicates that The Big Motherflipper (MTHFR A1298C) may drive this cycle in the reverse direction and several independent studies support this finding. This leads to a chemical exchange among BH2 to BH4, a multi-purpose product that is used in both the Waste Facility (urea cycle) and BH4 Industry. Within the Better Health 4 Life Industry, BH4 produces chemicals known as neurotransmitters, or neurotalkers (NTs), including dopamine, serotonin, melatonin, norepinephrine, and epinephrine. NTs are central for the communication between nerves and cells as well as stabilizing the crisis response, mood, and sleep cycles. Chronically low BH4 levels increase the risk for ADD/ADHD, Bipolar Disorder, OCD, insomnia, depression, anxiety, and many other quality of life issues. Think of this company as AT&T with a philanthropic twist since it donates BH4 to the Waste Facility for environmental clean up as well as supporting the community in health & wellbeing.
The Waste Facility uses BH4 to clean up toxic ammonia and generates nitric oxide, an element that keeps blood vessels open and free of plaque. Yet if BH4 is scarce, it cannot clean up waste or deliver vital nutrients to the Power Plant (fumarate) so that noxious chemicals back up into SAM’s Corporation. Given the fact that it takes 2 grains of BH4 to clean up 1 granule of ammonia, as well as 2 of BH4 to create just 1 bit of nitric oxide, its easy to see how problems might arise. This underscores the BH4 Industry’s role throughout the community since unlike an actual factory; it isn’t permitted to shut down for repairs or maintenance.
While there are many factors that may impact this cycle, several are listed below:
1. A ... ..more
Think “nervous, nimble and nightmares” with Nor-epi. This is due to nor-epinephrine’s #adrenalin effects on the body as the main “fight or flight” #neurotransmitter . It’s essential for action in order to ward off attackers and initiate battle or escape. When we encounter something frightening, such as the sound of someone in your house at 3am, your nervous system releases nor-epinephrine. Once tired, you’ll suddenly feel the need to spring into action! Your heart starts to pound and hearing and vision become extremely acute while muscles tighten for attack. Unless you panic, you’ll also have clearer ... ..more